Student, London School of Economies and Political Science, London, United Kingdom, 1938-1939. Doctor of Philosophy New York University, NYC, New York, USA, 1941.
Development and integration of aggregate demand, aggregate supply, and macro-distribution. Conceptualisation and formalisation of theory of general price level, consumer price level, and the price level in the open economy. Theory of growth and distribution in underemployed and unsteady states.
Generalising Kalecki and simplifying macroeconomics. Interpreting Keynes; TIP, a tax-based incomes policy as a contribution to economic policy of inflation. A theory of profits; and economic dissent from popular orthodoxy for two decades.
Graduate Faculty, New School Social Research, New York, 1951-1957, University Minnesota, 1959, University Hawaii, 1967, University Waterloo, Canada, 1969-1971, University Western Australia, 1974. Professor of Economics, University Pennsylvania, 1975-1981. Distinguished Professor, University South, 1981-1983.