Sigmund Freud was born Sigismund Schlomo Freud on May 6, 1856, in Freiberg, Moravia, Austrian Empire (now Příbor, Czech Republic) to a family of Jacob Koloman Freud and Amalia Nathansohn. Both of his parents were from Galicia, a province straddling modern-day West Ukraine and Poland. Freud’s father, Jakob, was a Jewish wool merchant who had been married once before he wed the boy’s mother, Amalie Nathansohn. The father, 40 years old at Freud’s birth, seems to have been a relatively remote and authoritarian figure, while his mother appears to have been more nurturant and emotionally available. Although Freud had two older half-brothers, his strongest if also most ambivalent attachment seems to have been to a nephew, John, one year his senior, who provided the model of an intimate friend and hated rival that Freud often reproduced at later stages of his life. In 1859 the Freud family was compelled for economic reasons to move to Leipzig and then a year after to Vienna, where Freud remained until the Nazi annexation of Austria 78 years later.