Fu Ssu-nien graduated from the National University of Beijing (Peking) in 1919. He also studied in University College of London from 1920 to 1922, and between 1923 and 1926 he attended Berlin University.
He worked as a dean of the Faculty of Letters of the National Sunyatsen University of Canton from 1927 to 1928. Since 1929 Mr. Fu was appointed director of the Institute of History and Philology of the "Academia Sinica". He became an Honorary Professor of History at National University of Beijing (Peking). His scientific papers were published chiefly in the Bulletin of the Institute of History and Philology.