Degree in law, State University, Milan, 1976.
Researcher Research National Council, Rome, 1977—1980. Research assistant faculty law State University, Milan, 1980—1989, visiting fellow 1983-1984 NYSSchool of Industrial and Labor Relations, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA, associate professor, 1990-1994, Sassari,Italy, 1994—1995, Milan, Italy, 1989—1994, Bocconi University, Milan, 1995—2000, full professor 2000 up to now, Bocconi University.
Member of Italian Association Labor Law and Social Security (board directors 2003-2004).
Married Luisa Francioli, June 13, 1990. Children: Marina, Bianca, Anna.