Degree, Leningrad State University, 1975. Doctor of Philosophy, Institute Evolutionary Physiology, Leningrad, 1981. Doctor of Biological Sciences, Institute Evolutionary Physiology, Leningrad, 1990.
Assistant Institute Evolutionary Physiology/Bio-chemical, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leningrad, 1974-1980, junior researcher, 1980-1989, senior researcher, since 1989. Invited scientist Medical University Clinic, Würzburg, Germany, since 1994.
Married Nina Lapinskaya, October 17, 1980. 1 child, Alexander.