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Svetlana Evgenevna SAVITSKAYA

astronaut , aviator , politician , member of the State Duma

Svetlana Yevgenyevna Savitskaya is a retired Soviet aviator and cosmonaut who flew aboard Soyuz T-7 in 1982, becoming the second woman in space.


Daughter of Soviet military commander Yevgeniy Savitskiy, Svetlana started her aerospace career as a test and sports pilot.


Grad., Moscow Inst, of Aviation.


On her 1984 mission she became the first woman to fly to space twice, and the first woman to perform a spacewalk. Starting from 1974 she set 18 international world records on MiG aircraft and three records in team parachute jumping. She started training as a cosmonaut in 1980.

In 1982, Savitskaya flew to space as part of the Soyuz T-7 mission, alongside Leonid Popov and Aleksandr Serebrov, becoming the second woman to fly to space, some 19 years after Valentina Tereshkova. On her second spaceflight, on July 25, 1984 she also became the first woman to perform a space walk. Of the 57 Soviet/Russian spacewalkers through 2010, she is the only female.

Upon returning to Earth, Savitskaya was assigned as the commander of an all-female Soyuz crew to Salyut 7 in commemoration of the International Women's Day, a mission that was later canceled. The asteroid 4118 Sveta is named for her. Savitskaya is married, with one child, a son born 1986.

Savitskaya retired in 1993 from the Russian Air Force with the rank of Major. Hero of the Soviet Union, twice (1982, 1984).


  • Hero of the Soviet Union, twice (1982, 1984)Orders of Lenin, twice (1982, 1984)Order of the Badge of Honour (1976)Medal "For Merit in Space Exploration" (12 April 2011) - for great achievements in the field of research, development and utilization of outer space, many years of honest work, public activitiesPilot-Cosmonaut of the USSRHonoured Master of SportsGold Medal and 18 degrees FAI16 gold medals, sports of the USSRSpecial medal for the women's world record stay in spaceSavitskaya was one of five cosmonauts selected to raise the Russian flag at the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics opening ceremony.


She presently serves as Deputy Chair of the Committee on Defense, and is also a member of the Coordination council presidium of the National Patriotic Union.


[Académie de l'air et de l'espace]In 1996, she was elected a member of the State Duma representing the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, and was re-elected four times since then.


Vladimir Dzhanibekov