Bachelor of Science in Engineering, Tokyo University, 1947. Master of Science in mechanical engineering, University Washington, 1952. Doctor of Philosophy in mechanical engineering, University Minnesota, 1955.
Staff engineer, Worthington Air Conditioning Company, East Orange, New Jersey, 1956-1972;
mechanic engineer, National Bureau Standards, Gaithersburg, Maryland., 1962-1972;
group leader, National Bureau Standards, Gaithersburg, Maryland., 1972-1982;
division chief, National Bureau Standards, Gaithersburg, Maryland., 1982-1986;
consultant, Japan Technology Program unites states department Commerce, Washington, 1987-1995;
consultant, United States Library of Congress, since 1995. Professorial lecturer George Washington University, 1987-1995. Member research advising committee Lighting Research Institute, New York City, 1982-1988.
Member building research advisory board NAS, Washington, 1982-1986. Member research advisory board University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, 1987-1990.
Fellow American Society of Heating, Refrigeration, and Air Conditioning Engineers (Crosby Field award 1976). Member American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Automated Procedures for Engineering Cons. (honorary), Heating, Air Conditioning, Sanitary Engineers Japan.
Married Tomoko Ishihara, November 1, 1955 (divorced 1982). Children: Leo, Kay, Yuri. Married Selma T. Kornreich, May 14, 1982.