Te-chen Wu was educated in Kiukiang, China and later in Japan.
Te-chen Wu was active leader of early revolutionary movement. He became Assistant Chief of General Staff of the Military Government of Kiangsi Province and concurrently Commissioner of Foreign Affairs in 1911, delegated by Kiangsi Province to the National Convention at Nanking for the drafting of the Provisional Constitution, and participated in the election of Dr. Sun Yat-sen as the first President of the Chinese Republic in 1911.
From 1913 to 1916 he was engaged in Kuomintang Party activities in China and abroad. After the failure of the second revolution in 1913, travelled in Japan and Honolulu as political refugee, returning to China in 1916. From 1917 to 1919 he served as Counsellor to the President and Generalissimo, Dr. Sun Yat-sen, in Canton, took active command of the Kwangtung Revolutionary Army in 1920, was elected the first magistrate by popular vote of Chungshanhsien, his native district in 1921-1922.
Mr. Wu was a Commissioner General of Police of Kwangtung Province, and concurrently Commissioner of Public Safety of Canton, China in 1923. In the same year he was appointed concurrently commander of Gendarmes of Kwangtung Province, which force was later reorganised as the First Independent Division, and again as the 17th Division of the Nationalist Army, of which he remained in command until 1926, Commissioner of Reconstruction of Kwangtung Province in 1928. He also served for two terms (4 years) as member of Legislative Yuan in 1929-1932. Then Te-chen Wu was elected member of the Central Executive Committee in 1929, re-elected member of Central Executive Committee, and concurrently, member of Central Political Council, in both of which capacities he has remained up to the present in 1936, was a Mayor of Greater Shanghai since 1932 and Garrison Commander of Woosung and Shanghai, China since 1933.