Theodor Eicke was born on 17 October 1892, in Hampont (Hudingen), Elsass-Lothringen, German Empire, now located in the Moselle department of north-eastern France. But at that time, it was known as Hudingen and was part of the German province of Elsass-Lothringen.
Little is known about his early years except that he was raised in a lower-middle-class family, which came from the Harz Mountain region of Germany. His father, Heinrich Eicke, was a railhead stationmaster at Hampont. He was also a great patriot.