Thomas Pelham-Holles was born (21 July 1693) the son of Thomas, Baron Pelham of Laughton, and added the name Holies to his own in 1711 when he inherited the estates of his maternal uncle John Holies. In 1713, while still a minor, he inherited the title and estates of his father. Just as Newcastle reached the age of 21, in 1714, George I came to the throne. The king soon showed his appreciation of the loyal activity of this young, wealthy, and devoted Whig. In October 1714 Pelham was created Earl of Clare, a tide that gave the name to his estate, Claremont in Surrey, which to the end of his life was his favorite residence. There he kept his celebrated French chef and lavished huge sums on landscaping, emploing first Charles Bridgeman and later William Kent.