Univerisity of Toledo (Bachelor of Arts, summa cum laude, 1978). Harvard University (Juris Doctor, cum laude, 1981). Phi Kappa Phi; Psi Chirurgical
Editor, Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review, 1980-1981.
Working as a partner of COOPER, STRAUB, WALINSKI & CRAMER. Admitted to the bar, 1981, Ohio. 1982, Michigan; 1982, United States. Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit.
1985, United States.
State Bar of Michigan. Litigation.