Student of Ernst Lohrmann, 1949-1953; scholarship student, School Visual Arts, New York City, 1953-1955.
Instructor Famous Artists Schools, Inc., Westport, Connecticut, 1958-1960. Instructor painting, Rockport, Massachusetts, 1963-1966.
Member National Academy of Design (associate 1963-1970, academician, since 1970, certified merit watercolor 1992), American Watercolor Society (eastern vice president since 1994, Dolphin fellow), Boston Watercolor Society, Connecticut Watercolor Societies, Allied Artists American, Knickerbocker Artists (director's prize 1971, Gold medal 1989), Boston Guild Artists (Grumbacher Gold medallion award watercolor 1988, Northern Shore Arts Association award oil 1991), Rockport Art Association (George O. Davies Memorial Silver medal 1988, 94, Darrand award oil 1992, Cirino award 1st prize Gouache 1992, Clark Popular award Gouache 1992, Cooley award graphics 1995, Clark Popular award Gouache 1995, Cirino award Gouache 1995, Davis Memorial award watercolor 1996, Mills Memorial award Gouache 1996), Hudson Valley Artists (Gold medal 1974, 85, 94, Huntington Memorial award oil 1995, Bohnert Memorial award oil 1996), Hudson Valley Art Association (honoree 2000).
Married Gloria R. Spencer, October 11, 1958. 1 child, Thomas Michael.