Bachelor, Michigan State University, 1956. Master of Arts, Michigan State University, 1957. Doctor of Philosophy, University California, Berkeley, 1961.
Instructor English University Kentucky, Lexington, 1960-1962. Instructor Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, 1962-1964, assistant professor, 1964-1967, associate professor, 1967-1978, professor, since 1978, chair department English, 1983-1989.
Served to corporal United States Army, 1952-1954. Member Modern Language Association, Ibsen Society of America (1st vice president since 1982).
Married Barbara Jean Miller, December 24, 1952 (divorced 1976). Children: Krista Leigh, Thomas Jeffrey, Marcy Kay Strand. Married Nancy Jean Greven, January 6, 1980 (divorced 1987).
1 child, Anna Katrin.