Bachelor in Government & Asian Studies, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, 1983. Master of Arts in International Economics, Paul H. Nitze School Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, 1985.
With Kissinger & Associates, Inc., Washington, 1985—1988. Deputy assistant secretary for international monetary/finance policy United States Department Treasury, 1995—1996, senior deputy assistant secretary for international affairs, 1996—1997, assistant secretary for international affairs, 1997—1998, under secretary for international affairs, 1998—2001. Director policy development/review department International Monetary Fund, 2001—2003.
President, Chief Executive Officer Federal Reserve Bank New York, New York City, 2003—2009. Secretary United States Department Treasury, Washington, since 2009. Advisory committee Center Global Development.
Chairman payment/settlement system committee Bank International Settlements.
Member of Economic Club New York (trustee), Council Foreign Relations.
Married Carole Marie Sonnenfeld, 1985. Children: Elise, Benjamin.