Master Data Management, Loughborough University of Technology, England, 1995.
Associate engineer Chartered Industries of Singapore Pte Ltd., 1991-1994. Field process engineer Lam Research (S) Pte. Ltd., Singapore, 1995-1997.
Contamination engineer Western Digital (S) Pte. Ltd., 1997-2000; supplier quality engineer Maxtor Peripherals (S) Pte. Ltd., 2000; advance technical service engineer 3M Singapore Pte.
Ltd., since 2000.
Corporal infantry Singapore armed forces, 1988-1990.