Bachelor in Economics, Asheville-Biltmore College, 1967. Master of Science in Agricultural Economics, Clemson University, 1969. Doctor of Philosophy in Economics, Clemson (South Carolina) State University, 1979.
Assistant professor economics, Mars Hill (North Carolina) College, 1971-1976; professor, Austin Peay State University, Clarksville, Tennessee, since 1977.
Board directors Blanton's Junior College, Asheville, North Carolina, 1975-1983. With United States Navy, 1958-1972. Member Midsouth Academy Economics and Finance (member education board since 1983), Southwest Society Economists, Southern Regional Science Association, Tennessee Association Economic Educators (board directors 1987), College Real Estate Appraisers (member education board since 1988), Omicron Delta Epsilon, Gamma Sigma Delta.
Married Yong Chong, March 15, 1984. 1 child, Daniel Thomas.