Bachelor of Science, Finland's Institute of Technology, 1946. Master of Science, Finland's Institute of Technology, 1949. Doctor of Philosophy, Ohio State University, 1959.
Surveyor, geodesist, Finnish Government, 1944-1946, 46-51;
geodesist, Swedish Government, 1946;
research assistant, Ohio State University, 1952-1953;
research associate, Ohio State University, 1953-1958;
research supervisor, Ohio State University, 1959-1988;
lecturer in geodesy, Ohio State University, 1955-1957;
assistant professor, Ohio State University, 1959-1962;
associate professor, Ohio State University, 1962-1965;
department chairman geodetic science, Ohio State University, 1964-1984;
professor, Ohio State University, 1965-1989;
chairman, professor emeritus, Ohio State University, since 1989. Member Solar Eclipse Expedition to Greenland, 1954. Member advisory panel on geodesy United States Coast and Geodetic Survey, National Academy Science, 1964-1966.
Member geodesy and cartography working group, space science steering committee National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1965-1967, member geodesy/cartography working group, summer conference lunar exploration and science, 1965, member geodesy and cartography advisory subcommittee, 1967-1972. Member ad hoc commission on North America datum division earth science National Academy Sciences-N.A.E., 1968-1970. Board directors International Gravity Bureau, France, 1975-1983.
Member commission on geodesy National Academy Sciences, 1975-1978.
Served with Finnish Army, 1942-1944. Fellow American Geophysical Union (vice president geodesy section 1964-1968, president 1968-1970), American Congress Surveying and Mapping (national director 1970-1973, Second vice president 1977-1978, president-elect 1978-1979, president 1979-1980), International Association Geodesy (president special study group 5.30 1967-1971, president section V 1971-1975, executive committee 1971-1979). Member American Association Geodetic Surveying (president 1984-1986), American Society Photogrammetry, Canada Institute Surveying, Universities Space Research Association (trustee 1973-1975), Finnish National Academy of Sciences (foreign), Professional Land Surveyors Ohio (honorary), Alabama Society Professional Land Surveyors (honorary), Tennessee Association Professional Surveyors (honorary).
Married Helena Vanhakartano, August 6, 1949. Children: Heidi, Kirsi, Elizabeth, Julie, Trina, Caroline.