Licence in medicine, University Helsinki, Finland, 1963. Specialist in radiology, University Oulu, Finland, 1974. Doctor Medical Science and Surgery, University Oulu, Finland, 1980.
Docent in Radiology, University Oulu, Finland, 1984. Competant as professor, University Kuopio, Finland, 1989. Competant as professor, University Tampere, Finland, 1991.
Municipal, city physician, Haapajärvi, Lahti, Kuhmalahti, Finland, 1963-1967; general practitioner, Oulu, 1968-1970; house officer, U. Center Hospital, Oulu, 1970-1973; specialist, U. Center Hospital, Oulu, 1974-1990; assistant senior physician, U. Center Hospital, Oulu, 1990-1995; senior physician, U. Center Hospital, Oulu, since 1995. Consultant radiologist Public Health Care, Hyrynsalmi, Finland, since 1977, Suomussalmi, Finland, since 1983, Doctor Centrum Plasma, Raahe, Finland, since 1990.
Elected employees' representative Oulu University Center Hospital, 1986-1999. City councilman City of Oulu, 1969-1972. Member parish council Evangelical Lutheran Church, Oulu-Karjasilta, 1995-2001.
Medical senior lieutenant Army of Finland, 1975.
Married Marjatta Keskuoja, May 25, 1948. Children: Karoliina, Ulriika, Hannele, Juliaana, Birgitta, Henriika, Charlotta, Angelika.