Bachelor of Science, Mysore University, 1950. Doctor of Philosophy (honorary), University Amsterdam, 1996.
Research scholar Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, 1950-1951. Research associate Chalmers Institute of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden, 1955-1958. Senior research fellow California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, 1959-1964.
Principal research scientist Commonwealth Science & Industrial Research Organization, Sydney, Australia, 1965-1971. Director Raman Research Institute, Bangalore, 1972-1994, director emeritus, since 1994, distinguished professor emeritus, since 1999.
Fellow Indian Academy of Sciences, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. Member Royal Astronomical Society (associate), National Academy of Sciences.
Married Francoise Bernard. One child.