Master of Arts, Faculty of Law, Skopje, 1991. Doctor of Philosophy, Faculty of Law, Skopje, 1998.
Expert collaborator Parliament of Republic of Macedonia, 1987—1988. Lecturer, junior assistant faculty member Faculty of Law, Skopje, 1988—2002. Minister defense Government of Macedonia, 2002—2003, legal council chairman, 2003—2004, prime minister, 2004—2006.
President Social Democratic Union Macedonia, since 2004.