Bachelor of Science, Boston University, 1952; Master of Arts and certified of Russian, Institute Columbia University, 1954; Doctor of Philosophy (American Council Learned Socs.-Social Service Research Council fgn.area fellow), Institute Columbia University, 1961.
Assistant professor history Roosevelt University, 1959-1961. Assistant professor Duke University, 1961-1965, associate professor, 1965-1972, professor, 1972—2002, chairman department, 1985-1990, professor emeritus, from 2002. Consultant National Endowment of the Humanities, 1974—1980.
(Book by Lerner, Warren)
Served with United States Army, 1954-1956. Member Conference Slavic and East European History (executive council 1978-1980, president 1986-1987), American Association Advancement Slavic Studies, American History Association, Southern Conference Slavic Studies.
Married Francine Sandra Pickow, August 16, 1959. Children: Suzanne Rachel Knuiman, Amy Florence Coyle, Daniel Joseph.