Student, Drake University, 1945. Bachelor summa cum laude, State University Iowa, 1947. Master of Arts, State University Iowa, 1948.
Master of Fine Arts, State University Iowa, 1950.
Art therapist, Mental Health Institute, Independence, Iowa., 1951-1953; art therapist, Hall-Brooke Sanitarium, Westport, Connecticut, 1953-1956; associate professor art, Union College, Schenectady, New York, 1957-1965; freelance artist, since 1965.
Married Jean Ann Curtis, September 19, 1952.