Fenchel studied mathematics and physics at the University of Berlin between 1923 and 1928.
Fenchel established the basic results of convex analysis and nonlinear optimization theory which would, in time, serve as the foundation for Nonlinear programming. A German-born Jew and early refugee from Nazi suppression of intellectuals, Fenchel lived most of his life in Denmark. Fenchel"s monographs and lecture notes are considered influential.
Early life and education
He wrote his doctorate thesis in geometry (Über Krümmung und Windung geschlossener Raumkurven) under Ludwig Bieberbach.
Professorship in Germany
From 1928 to 1933, Fenchel was Professor East. Landau"s Assistant at the University of Göttingen. During a one-year leave (on Rockefeller Fellowship) between 1930 and 1931, Fenchel spent time in Rome with Levi-Civita, as well as in Copenhagen with Harald Bohr and Tommy Bonnesen.
He visited Denmark again in 1932. Professorship in exile
Fenchel taught at Göttingen until 1933, when the Nazi discrimination laws led to mass-firings of Jews.
Fenchel emigrated to Denmark somewhere between April and September 1933, ultimately obtaining a position at the University of Copenhagen.
In December 1933, Fenchel married fellow German refugee mathematician Käte Sperling. When Germany occupied Denmark, Fenchel and roughly eight-thousand other Danish Jews received refuge in Sweden, where he taught (between 1943 and 1945) at the Danish School in Lund. After the Allied powers" liberation of Denmark, Fenchel returned to Copenhagen.
On leave between 1949 and 1951, Fenchel taught in the United States. at the University of Southern California, Stanford University, and Princeton University.
From 1952 to 1956 Fenchel was the professor in mechanics at the Polytechnic in Copenhagen. From 1956 to 1974 he was the professor in mathematics at the University of Copenhagen.
Last years, death, legacy
Professor Fenchel died on 24 January 1988. Convex geometry
Fenchel lectured on "Convex Sets, Cones, and Functions" at Princeton University in the early 1950s.
His lecture notes shaped the field of convex analysis, according to the monograph Convex Analysis of R. T. Rockafellar.
In 1946, Fenchel was elected a member of the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters.