Bachelor of Science, Laboratory College Rynland, Leiderdorp, Holland, 1981. Master of Science in Engineering, Tampere University of Technology, Finland, 1998. Doctor of Philosophy, Cranfield University, England, 1999.
Research assistant, U. Amsterdam, 1985-1986; research assistant, Medix Biochemica, Kauniainen, Finland, 1986-1987; research assistant in analytical chemistry, Technical Research Centre of Finland Technology Research Center of Finland, Tampere, since 1987.
Sergeant Dutch Army, 1982-1983.
Married Riitta Irmeli Hänninen, June 18, 1987. Children: Hanna, Timo.