Bachelor, Bachelor of Fine Arts, Ohio State University, 1950. Master of Arts, Ohio State University, 1951. Doctor of Philosophy, University Iowa, 1961.
Instructor, U. Kansas, Lawrence, 1951-1952; instructor, College of Wooster, Ohio., 1953-1954; instructor, Florida Southern College, Lakeland, 1954-1957; graduate assistant, U. Iowa, Iowa City, 1957-1959; associate professor, Western Illinois U., Macomb, 1959-1965; associate professor, Union College, Schenectady, New York, 1965-1968; professor art history, painting, Lindenwood College, St. Charles, Missouri, 1968-1991; professor emeritus, Lindenwood College, St. Charles, since 1991. Juror Albany The Art Institute of Chicago, 1968, An Art Affair, St. Louis, 1989. AdvisorAssocs. of the Fine Arts, Lindenwood College, St. Charles, 1977-1991.
Corporal United States Army Air Corps, 1945-1947, PTO. Member of The Decorative Arts Trust, Society Architectural Historians, Art St. Louis, St. Louis Artists Guild (board governors, treasurer 1996-1997), Asian Art Society St. Louis (board directors, publications chair 1992—2000).