Graduate from Cherokee Male Seminary, 1884. Bachelor of Laws, Vanderbilt University, 1889.
Attorney General for Cherokee Nation, 1891-1895, and has represented same in winding up of tribal affairs at Washington, District of Columbia, since 1890. National Attorney for Cherokee Tribe, 1907-1914. Delegate, at large to Democrat National Convention at Baltimore, 1912.
Elected to 64-71 Congresses, from Second Oklahoma, Die., Democrat.
Member 64th to 66th Congresses (1915-1921), and 68th to 73d Congresses (1923-1935), 2d Oklahoma District.
Married Lulu Starr, of Cherokee Nation, December 9, 1896.