Mu graduated from China Northwest Institute of Political Science and Law with a bachelor of law degree in 1967.
In 1970, Mu began a 30-year career with the Ministry of Public Security, working in the petrochemical sector, where he advanced to the level of deputy minister, before being appointed deputy commissioner of CGAC. In 2001 Mu was appointed commissioner of CGAC, the chief position of that administration.
As commissioner for CGAC, Mu found himself in the spotlight of China’s growing economic influence. Not only were China’s trade relationships with other nations chang- ing, so was the entire international trade system. When Mu took hold of the CGAC, China was under mounting pressure to adapt its trade policies to those of its chief trading partners. Faced with the complex issues of international trade, Mu operated according to the motto, ‘instead of criticism and confrontation, communication and cooperation are better ways to resolve disputes.’ Previously, China had traded on its own terms, with little regard for quality standards or the concept of intellectual property.
Mu facilitated the establishment of multiple international agreements defending intellectual property rights, including an agreement with the United States that allows for the exchange of statistical information regarding counterfeit and pirated goods being transported between the United States and China. Mu has made similar agreements with the European Union, as it has become a stronger trading partner with China. With China’s ascension to the World Trade Organization, Mu is now working on various customs agreements regarding tariffs, law making, and law enforcement.
All of Mu’s actions have been made with China’s economic future in mind. He hopes to bolster the growth and quality of trade between China and its global interests by reforming China’s longstanding policy of exporting labor-intensive products while importing quality-intensive products in favor of a more balanced trade structure.