Manchester High School, London School of Journalism.
Editor publications Jewish Agency, Jerusalem, 1956—1964. Ministry foreign affairs, editor political publications & assistant to prime minister Levi Eshkol, 1964—1967. Counsul Israel New York, 1967—1968.
1st secretary & counsellor Embassy Israel, Washington, 1968—1972. Ministry Jerusalem, assistant to prime minister Golda Meir, 1972—1974. Adviser to prime minister Yitzhak Rabin, 1974—1977.
Adviser to prime minister Menachem Begin, 1977—1983. Ambassador Israel Court St. James, London, since 1983.
Married Miriam Cailingold. 4 children.