Bachelor of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India, 1950. Postgraduate, American U.ban University, Washington Nepal, 1952. Bachelor of Laws, Tribhuban University, Kathmandu, Nepal, 1963.
Doctor of Philosophy, University North Carolina, 1972.
Deputy secretary, Ministry of Home, Nepal, 1951-1953; deputy secretary, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Defense, Nepal, 1953-1958; secretary, Ministry of Transportation, Nepal, 1958-1960; with Congress Party in exile, member negotiating team to restore multi-pary Democratic system, Nepal, 1961-1990; minister in charge, Ministry of Home and Community in Interim Cabinet, 1990-1991; ambassador to the United States, Royal Nepalese Embassy, Washington, since 1991; rector, Tribhuban U., Kathmandu, 1973-1976; permanent member, National Planning Commission, Kathmandu, 1976-1982; vice-chairman, National Planning Commission, Kathmandu, 1982-1988; ambassador to the United States, Royal Nepalese Embassy, Washington, since 1988. Also accredited to Canada, Mexico, Costa Rica, Panama, and Colombia.
Married Bimal Upadhyay, 1948. Children: Usha, Manisha.