Diploma in Russian/German Translations, Moscow, 1948. Master of Arts, University Odessa, Ukraine, 1953. Doctor of Philosophy, University Lodz, 1967.
Doktor habilitowany, University Lodz, 1984.
Teacher, primary and secondary schools, various towns, Ukraine, 1941-1956; lecturer, U. Lodz, 1956-1985; director department Russian Literature, U. Lodz, 1975-1981; director department translation theory, U. Lodz, since 1981; reader, U. Lodz, 1985-1990; professor, U. Lodz, since 1990. Free lance translator Ukraine, 1941-1956, Lodz, since 1956.
Fellow Lodz Science Society. Member Association Veterans Republic of Poland, Polish Association Russian Studies (president Lodz section since 1976), Association Polish Translators and Interpreters (vice president literary translators since 1990), Polish Association Ukrainian Studies.
Married Klara Rojzman, June 12, 1946 (divorced 1955). 1 child, Grigorij; married Stanislawa Mitelman, May 28, 1955. 1 child, Herman.