Bachelor in Economics, American University, Beirut, 1973. Master of Arts in Economics, Michigan State University, 1976. Doctor of Philosophy, Michigan State University, 1981.
Advisor Ministry of Commerce, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 1981—1983. Chancellor Gulf Cooperative Council, 1983—2002, minister for economic affairs, since 2002.
Member of American Association of University Professors, Center for Study of Presidency, American University Beirut Alumni Association, Michigan State University Alumni Association, Association Master of Business Administration Executives, American Academy Social Sciences, National Tax Association, American Economic Association, Equestrian (Riyadh).