Bachelor of Arts, Harvard University, 1947; Master of Arts, Ohio State University, 1948; Doctor of Philosophy, Ohio State University, 1951.
Professor of English literature, University of California, San Diego, since 1963; department chairman literature, University of California, 1971-1974; director, University of California Study Center, United Kingdom and Ireland, 1980-1982. Visiting professor U. Queensland, Australia, 1984, Colegio de la Frontera Norte, San Antonio del Mar, Baja, California, 1991-1992.
Board of directors California Council Humanities, 1983-1987. Fellow Royal Society Literature. Member Modern Language Association, Jane Austen Society, Athenaeum (London), Trollope Society, Santayana Society, Phi Beta Kappa.
Married Virginia Rosemary Banks, June 27, 1952. Children: Matthew Leslie Francis, Emma Stanbery.