Bachelor, Columbia University, 1948. Master of Arts, Columbia University, 1949. Doctor of Philosophy, Columbia University, 1958.
Assistant professor Carleton College, Northfield, Minnesota, 1958-1961. Professor English literature Washington University, St. Louis, since 1961.
Served with Army of the United States, 1943-1946, European Theatre of Operations.
Married Sondra Judith Selvansky, June 17, 1946. Children: David, Elizabeth, Samuel.