AB, Vanderbilt University, 1972. Doctor of Philosophy, University North Carolina, 1976.
Economist Federal Reserve, Washington, 1976-1978. Assistant professor economics Tulane University, New Orleans, 1978-1983. Assistant professor University Albany, 1983-1986, associate professor, 1986-1993, professor, since 1993.
Visiting fellow Institute for Social and Economic Research, Osaka (Japan) University, fall 1987, Australian National University, Canberra, spring 1991. Visiting professor University New South Wales, Sydney, Australia, spring 1993. Visiting scholar International Monetary Fund, Washington, spring 1997.
Member American Economics Association, Econometric Society, Phi Beta Kappa.
Married Harold Olin Fried, January 1, 1979. Children: Stephanie, Clara.