Bachelor, Melbourne University, 1961. Diploma in Criminology, Melbourne University, 1963. Master of Arts, McCormick Theological Seminary, Chicago, 1967.
Member faculty Swinburne Institute of Technology, Melbourne, senior lecturer in sociology, until 1977, also chairman department social and political studies. Minister housing and regional development Government of Australia, Canberra, 1993-1996. Member Australian Labor Party, since 1961, Australian House of Representatives, Canberra, 1977-1996, member standing committee on environment, since 1978, member joint committee on publications, since 1978, minister for defense support, 1983-1984, minister social security, 1984-1990, minister for community services and health, 1990-1993.
Founder, first director Centre for Urban Research and Action, Melbourne, deputy prime minister, 1991-1995. Professional associate department society work Center Public Policy University Melbourne, since 1996.
Member various national policy committees Australian Labour Party, chairman caucus economics committee, member caucus resources committee, member urban and regional affairs committee. Fellow Royal Australian Planning Institute (honorary).
Married Renate Morris, May 8, 1962. Children: John, Abbey, Sarah.