Chi Wang graduated from Hunan High Normal College. Later he studied at the School of Law and Political Science of Tokyo University, graduating in 1915.
Chi Wang participated in the Revolution of 1911 and was serving as a staff officer in the Headquarters of the Commander-in-Chief of the Kiangsu-Chekiang Allied Revolutionary Army and later secretary in the Ministry of Interior of the Nanking Provisional Government.
Chi Wang participated in the campaign against Yuan Shihkai and was appointed Chief Secretary of the Headquarters of the Commander-in-Chief of Hunan Revolutionary Army and concurrently Commissioner of Civil Administration of Hunan. In 1928 he became a chief secretary of the Mass Training Department of the Central Party Headquarters in Nanking, China. He was a reserve member of the Central Executive Committee of Kuomintang and member of the Legislative Yuan of the National Government; an artist and calligraphist.