After having completed his early education at Ching Chong Middle School and Futan College Middle School at Shanghai, he attended the Tangshan Engineering College in Zhili (Chihli). Then Chu Co-ching went to America on a Boxer indemnity scholarship and entered the University of Illinois in 1910, receiving his Bachelor of Science degree in 1913. Mr. Chu was awarded the Emerson scholarship at Harvard University in 1917 and received his Doctor of Philosophy degree from department of geology and geography from the university in 1918.
Upon returning to China, Mr. Chu was appointed lecturer on meteorology and physical geography in the Government Teachers' College at Wuchang in 1918-1920. Later, in 1921-1924 Chu Co-ching was a lecturer on climatology and meteorology in the National Southeastern University and dean of the department of geology and geography. He was a member of the board of directors of the Science Society of China.
He was appointed Chinese delegate to the Third (Tokyo, Japan, 1926) fourth (Batavia, Java, 1929) and fifth (Vancouver, Canada, 1932) Pacific Science Congresses. Since 1928 Mr. Chu served as a director of National Research Institute of Meteorology.