583 Park Ave, New York, NY 10065, United States
Mark Aron and Cindy Aron attend Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation's Laugh For Life at 583 Park Avenue on May 1, 2018, in New York City. Photo by Sylvain Gaboury
415 South St, Waltham, MA 02453, United States
In 1967 Cindy Sondik Aron received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Brandeis University.
College Park, MD 20742, United States
In 1975 Cindy Sondik Aron obtained a Master of Arts degree from the University of Maryland. In 1981 Aron gained a Doctor of Philosophy degree from this university.
(Drawing from workers' applications, testimonies, and othe...)
Drawing from workers' applications, testimonies, and other primary documents, Ladies and Gentlemen of the Civil Service recreates the white-collar world of middle-class workers from the Civil War to 1900. It reveals how men who worked in federal agencies moved from being self-employed to salaried workers, in the process placing at risk the independence that lay at the core of middle-class male values; while women assumed the kind of independence that threatened their positions as delicate, middle-class ladies deserving the protection and care of men. Introducing a cast of characters who worked as federal clerks in Washington, Arons examines the nature of being a civil servant - from the hiring, firing, and promotion procedures, the motivations for joining the federal workforce, and the impact of feminization on the workplace to the interpersonal aspects of office life such as attitude towards sex, manners, and money-lending - and provides an imaginative look at what it meant to be among the ladies and gentlemen who formed part of the first white-collar bureaucracy in the United States.
(No one works harder at playing than Americans. Indeed, as...)
No one works harder at playing than Americans. Indeed, as Cindy Aron reveals in this intriguing account, the American vacation has seen a constant tension between labor and leisure, especially in the 19th and early 20th century, when we often struggled to protect ourselves from the sin of idleness. In Working at Play, Aron offers the first full-length history of how Americans have vacationed - from eighteenth-century planters who summered in Newport to twentieth-century urban workers who headed for camps in the hills. In the early nineteenth century, Aron shows, vacations were taken for health more than for fun, as the wealthy traveled to watering places, seeking cures for everything from consumption to rheumatism. But starting in the 1850s, the growth of a white-collar middle class and the expansion of railroads made vacationing a mainstream activity. Aron charts this growth with grace and insight, tracing the rise of new vacation spots as the nation and the middle class blossomed. She shows how late nineteenth-century resorts became centers of competitive sports. Bowling, tennis, golf, hiking, swimming, and boating absorbed the hours. But as vacationing grew, she writes, fears of the dangers of idleness bloomed with it. Self-improvement vacations flourished; religious campgrounds became established resorts, where gambling, drinking, and bathing on Sunday were banned. Asbury Park, named after Francis Asbury, the first American Methodist bishop, quickly became one of the most popular getaways for the devout. With vivid detail and much insight, Working at Play offers a lively history of the vacation, throwing new light on the place of work and rest in American culture.
In 1967 Cindy Sondik Aron received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Brandeis University. In 1975 she obtained a Master of Arts degree from the University of Maryland. In 1981 Aron gained a Doctor of Philosophy degree from this university.
In 2000 Cindy Sondik Aron was appointed a professor of history at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville. Her social histories explore points on the spectrum of work and play - and where they inevitably connect - in the history of the United States. Her first publication is Ladies and Gentlemen of the Civil Service: Middle-Class Workers in Victorian America (1987). Using application files archived by the United States Department of the Interior and the Treasury Department, Aron chronicles the evolution of the idea of what it means to be middle class in the United States. She contends that this changing perception of class, gender, and the nature of work itself, taking place largely from 1860 to 1900, laid the foundation of the modern version of white-collar bureaucracy.
Her second book is Working at Play: A History of Vacations in the United States (1999). Aron traces the history of vacations in the United States, from their origins as periods of leisure for the wealthy in the 1800s to the current entitlement - sometimes mandate - for a few weeks respite from the job each year. In the 1800s. only the very wealthy could afford to take vacations; most members of the labor force were compelled either by economic necessity or the prevailing Protestant work ethic to remain al their jobs. Slowly, the idea that some time off might be a good thing entered into the concept of work, as more and more people became economically capable of setting work aside for an extended period. Factory owners began to see that vacations improved employee morale and productivity, and they grudgingly accepted the practice.
She is a contributor to books, including The Reader’s Encyclopedia of American History (1991); Jewish Women in America: An Historical Encyclopedia (1997); and Encyclopedia of the United States in the Nineteenth Century (2001). She is also a contributor to academic journals and associated publications.
(Drawing from workers' applications, testimonies, and othe...)1987
(No one works harder at playing than Americans. Indeed, as...)1999