Bachelor, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, 1950. Doctor of Philosophy, Stanford University, California, 1960.
Professor City University of New York, New York City, 1962—1991. Senior scholar, adjunct professor Columbia University, since 1993. With United States Army, 1955-1957.
Member of Association Asian Studies.
Married Lore Strich, November 26, 1956. Children: David Walter, Oliver Arno.