Ulrich received an MFA from the Rhode Island School of Design in Providence in 1977. Before that he received a BFA degree from Tufts University, School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.
Ulrich has been assistant chairman of the Photography Department, Art Institute of Boston since 1979, as well as a full-time instructor of photography at the Institute since 1977. He previously worked for Ohio University in Athens as a teaching assistant in photography from 1975 to 1976, was employed by Minor White in 1975 and was gallery director for the Prospect Street Photo Co-op/Gallery, Inc., Cambridge, Massachusetts.
He has been a member of SPE since 1977, and of the Photographic Resource Center, Boston, Massachusetts, from 1976.