Student, Minneapolis School Art, 1939-1941, 46-49; student, Skowhegan School Painting, Maine, 1948-1949; student, Academy de la Grande Chaumiere, Paris, 1949-1950.
Teacher, Minneapolis School Art, 1953-1962; teacher, Macalester College, St. Paul, 1956-1957; teacher, Skowhegan School Painting and Sculpture, 1959; professor art, Boston University, 1962-1987; professor emeritus, Boston University, since 1987; director Tanglewood Institute, Boston University, 1969, 70.
Served with United States Army Air Corps, 1942-1945.
Married Ellen M. Murray. 1 child, Marc.