Associate of Arts, American River College, Sacramento, 1965. Bachelor of Science, California Institute of Technology, 1966. Bachelor of Science, University San Francisco, 1983.
Master of Science, University San Francisco, 1985. Doctor of Medicine, Trinity College Natural Health, 2001.
Research technician, California Institute Technology, Pasadena, 1960-1966; engineer, various firms, California, 1966-1980; design engineer, J.R. Simplot, Helm, California, 1980-1985; project engineer, J. Oakley & Associations, Fresno, California, 1985-1986; principal engineer, Handypersons, Fresno, 1986-1987; design engineer, Heublein Wines, Madera, California, 1987-1988; design engineer, Bruce Industries, Dayton, Nevada, 1988-1998; business entrepreneur, Vitamin Villa, Carson City, Nevada.
Mission pilot Airlifeline, Sacramento. Served with United States Air Force, 1950-1954, Korea. Member American Association Industrial Hygiene (certified), 99's (chairman local chapter 1985-1986).