Bachelor, Colorado College, Colorado Springs, 1973. Master of Science, University British Columbia, Vancouver, 1977. District Attorney, Idaho State University, 1979.
Postdoctoral plant physiologist University California, Davis, 1979-1981. Assistant professor biology Colorado College, Colorado Springs, 1981-1984. Associate professor biology and environmental studies Rollins College, Winter Park, Florida, 1984-1989.
Professor biology Albertson College of Idaho, Caldwell, since 1989.
Member Idaho Academy of Sciences (president 2000-2001).
Children: Ethan, Anna.