Bachelor, Cambridge (England) University, 1948. Master of Arts, Cambridge (England) University, 1978. Bachelor of Laws, Edinburgh University, 1951.
Bachelor's Degree, Edinburgh University, 1960. Doctor of Divinity, Glasgow (Scotland) University, 1992.
Managing clerk, Linklaters & Paines, London, 1951-1952; partner, Davidson & Syme, Edinburgh, 1952-1957; associate minister, St. George's West Church, Edinburgh, 1960-1963; lecturer, New College U. Edinburgh, Edinburgh, 1963-1979; dean faculty, principal, New College U. Edinburgh, Edinburgh, 1973-1978; professor divinity, St. Mary's College U., St. Andrews, Scotland, 1979-1992; principal, St. Mary's College U. St. Andrews, 1987-1992; retired.
Observer 2d Vatican Council, Rome, 1962. President European committee World Alliance of Reformed Churches, 1980-1987, executive committee, 1981-1988. Fraternal delegate Synod of Bishops in Europe, Rome, 1991.
Member Royal and Ancient Golf Club, New Club Edinburgh.