Bachelor of Science, City College of New York, 1938; Master of Arts, New School for Social Research, New York City, 1942.
Teacher social studies, various high schools, New York City, 1946-1956; principal, public elementary schools, New York City, 1956-1976; Adjunct Professor, Adelphi University, Garden City, New York, since 1976.
Sergeant United States Army, 1943-1946, European Theatre of Operations. Member Modern Language Association, Poets, Playwrights, Editors, Essayists and Novelists association American Center, Poets and Writers, Poetry Society of America (governing board 1981-1984, Mary Carolyn Davies award 1983).
Married Doris Kahn, September 1, 1940. Children: Suzanna, Martha, Sara.