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Eleanor Lansing Dulles Edit Profile

diplomat , economist , educator , author

Eleanor Lansing Dulles was an American diplomat, educator, economist, and author. She was a United States Government employee. Her background in economics and her familiarity with European affairs enabled her to fill a number of important State Department positions.

Background

Eleanor Lansing Dulles was born on June 1, 1895 in Watertown, New York, United States. Daughter of Allen Macy and Edith (Foster) Dulles. Her grandfather, John Watson Foster, served as United States Secretary of State under President Benjamin Harrison for eight months. Her mother's sister married Robert Lansing, Secretary of State under President Woodrow Wilson. Her oldest brother, John Foster Dulles, was Secretary of State under President Dwight D. Eisenhower. Her brother Allen Dulles served as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency from 1953 to 1961. She had two sisters as well. Her nephew Avery Dulles was a cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.

Education

Dulles graduated from Wykeham Rise School in Washington, Connecticut, and attended Bryn Mawr College, graduating with a B.A. in 1917. When World War I ended, she continued her schooling in the U.S. and in Europe. Beginning in 1923, she studied at Radcliffe College and Harvard University, earning her M.A. from the former in 1924 and a doctorate in economics from the latter in 1926, writing her thesis on the French franc.

Career

She began teaching economics at Simmons College in Boston during the 1924-1925 academic year. For the next ten years she taught economics at various colleges, including Simmons, Bryn Mawr, and the University of Pennsylvania. In 1933 she argued against the supposed benefits of inflationary government policies in "The Dollar, the Franc and Inflation". In 1936 she began work with the U.S. Government’s Social Security Board, leaving that position to join the U.S. State Department in 1942. During her first three years at the State Department, Dulles was involved in post-war economic planning. She helped determine the U.S. position on international financial cooperation and participated in the Bretton Woods Conference of 1944 at which the International Monetary Fund and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development were established. After the end of World War II, in the spring of 1945 she went to Europe where she became involved in the reconstruction of the Austrian economy as the U.S. Financial Attaché in Austria. Her work as a diplomat included being an economic officer, financial attache in Austria, and special assistant in the Office of German Affairs. It was through her work with the German office that she helped revitalize the German economy after World War II. She also worked to secure funds for West Berlin’s Congress Hall, hospitals, and educational facilities. Later, she was hailed as "the Mother of Berlin" for helping to revitalize Berlin's economy and culture during the 1950s.

After twenty years, she was fired from the State Department and went on to hold positions such as professor at Georgetown University, visiting professor at Duke University, consultant for the U.S. Department of State, and organizer of the John Foster Dulles Centennial Program at Princeton University. She authored several books on U.S. foreign policy.

Dulles died on October 30, 1996, in a retirement home in Washington, D.C. and was buried in Rock Creek Cemetery there.

Achievements

  • Radcliffe gave her its Distinguished Achievement Award in 1955. In 1957 the Free University of Berlin gave her an honorary doctorate and she received the Carl Schurz Plaque. She received the Grand Cross of Merit from the Federal Republic of Germany and a Tribute of Appreciation from the U.S. State Department (1985). She also received Ernst Reuter plaque City of West Berlin in 1959, Lucius D. Clay medal, and Centennial medal from Harvard Graduate School Arts and Science in 1991.

    In 1993, Dulles donated a collection of her documents to the Mount Vernon College for Women, which merged with the George Washington University in 1999. The collection contains a variety of materials that document both her professional and personal life. It is currently cared for by GWU's Special Collections Research Center, located in the Estelle and Melvin Gelman Library.

Membership

She was a member of P.E.N., Phi Beta Kappa.

Connections

Eleanor Lansing Dulles married Professor David Simon Blondheim (1884-1934) on December 6, 1932. Blondheim committed suicide in 1934. Dulles and Blondheim had a son, David Dulles, born seven months after his father's death. She later adopted a girl, Ann Welsh Dulles (born 1937, married in 1962 to become Anne Welsh Joor).

father:
Allen Macy Dulles

mother:
Edith (Foster) Dulles

son:
David Dulles

daughter:
Anne Welsh Dulles

Husband:
David Simon Blondheim - philologist , professor

Blondheim had been a Medieval Studies fellow of the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation in 1926 and then a professor at Johns Hopkins University from 1929 to 1932. He was Romance philologist with a specialty in Judeo-Romance, a field that in many ways he invented. Blondheim committed suicide in 1934.

grandfather:
John Watson FOSTER

He served as United States Secretary of State under President Benjamin Harrison, for eight months.

uncle:
Robert Lansing - Lawyer , politician
Robert Lansing - uncle of Eleanor Lansing Dulles

Robert Lansing was Secretary of State under President Woodrow Wilson.

Brother:
John Foster Dulles
John Foster Dulles - Brother of Eleanor Lansing Dulles

John Foster Dulles was Secretary of State under President Dwight D. Eisenhower.

Brother:
Allen Dulles
Allen Dulles - Brother of Eleanor Lansing Dulles

Allen Dulles served as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency from 1953 to 1961.

nephew:
Avery Dulles

Avery Dulles was a cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.