Doctor of Medicine, Turku (Finland) University, 1967. Doctor of Philosophy in Clinical Physiology, Turku (Finland) University, 1975. Certified specialist in Nuclear Medicine, Turku (Finland) University, 1978.
Senior teacher Turku University, 1968-1974. Visiting scientist Lund (Sweden) University, 1975. Chief laboratory of clinical physiology and nuclear medicine University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland, 1976—2000, professor clinical physiology Finland, since 1998, chief division diagnostic services Finland, since 2001.
Member, chairman ethical board Kuopio University, University Hospital, since 1993.
Member Health Board City of Kuopio, 1989-1992, Kuopio Dance Festival, 1991-1996. Member Kuopio School Board, since 1993, City Council, since 1993, vice president 1995-1996.