Eugene Matveev studied at the film acting school of the Kiev Film Studio in 1940 and 1941. Matveev joined the Red Army after the German invasion in 1941, and went to the military school in Tyumen. In 1956 he graduated from the theatre school of the Russian Theater Society (under the guidance of M.N. Kedrov).
After completing his military service in 1946, Matveev acted at the Tyumen Drama Theater and at the Red Torch Theater in Novosibirsk. In 1952, Matveyev went to Moscow to join the Maly Theater, where he continued his stage career until 1968. In 1955 Matveev Eugene starred in his first film "Good Morning". During his stage career he played in more than 40 films.
His debut as a film director was in 1967. Eugene Semenovich released more than 10 films. In 1979, Matveev Eugene filmed a two-part film “Particularly important task” on the basis of the Voronezh Airframe Building Company.
In 1975 he was appointed the Head of an acting studio at the Gerasimov Institute of Cinematography. Participated in the national film festival in Voronezh in 2000. Matveev Eugene is also known as the author of the book "Fate on the Russian" (Moscow, 2000).