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Frederick Winslow Taylor


Frederick Winslow Taylor, American engineer.


Taylor, Frederick Winslow was born on March 20, 1856 in Germantown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. Son of Franklin and Emily (Winslow) Taylor.


Prepared for Harvard at Phillips Exeter Academy, 1874. Left because of impaired eyesight. Mechanical Engineering, Stevens Institute Technology, 1883.

(Doctor of Science, University of Pennsylvania, 1906. Doctor of Laws, Hobart College, 1912).


Entered employ Midvale Steel Company, Philadelphia, 1878, and was successively gang boss, assistant foreman, foreman of machine shop, master mechanic, chief draftsman, and chief engineer to 1889. Left 1889 to begin work of organizing management of manufacturing establishments of various kinds, in shop, office, accounting and sales department. Has organized many kinds, including the Bethlehem Steel Company, Cramp’s Shipbuilding Company, Midvale Steel Company Inventor of Taylor-White process of treating modern high-speed tools, for which received personal gold medal from Paris Exposition, 1900, and Elliot Cresson gold medal of Franklin Institute Has received about 100 patents for various inventions.


  • Author: Concrete, Plain and Reinforced (with S. E. Thompson), 1905. Art of Cutting Metals, 1906. Concrete Costs (with S. E. Thompson), 1911.

    The Principles of Scientific Management, 1911. Shop Management, 1911. Won double championship of the United States, at Newport, 1881, in lawn tennis.


Married Louise M. Spooner, May 3, 1884.

Franklin Taylor

Emily (Winslow) Taylor

Louise M. Spooner