Bachelor in Humanities and Letters with honors, St. Saint Louis University, 1955; Ph.L. in Philosophy, St. Saint Louis University, 1956; Master of Arts in English, St. Saint Louis University, 1959; Doctor of Philosophy in English, Harvard University, 1971.
Assistant Professor of English, St. Saint Louis University, 1969-1971; assistant Professor of English, Stanford (California) U., 1971-1977; associate Professor of English, Stanford (California) U., 1977-1987; Professor of English and French, Stanford University, Cliveden, England and Tours, France, 1982, 89; Professor of English and classics, Stanford (California) U., since 1987; professor religious studies, Santa Clara U., Durham, England, 1989, 93.
Contributor to various organizations. Super donor Stanford University Blood Bank. Coordinator Gregorian Mass Liturgy, St. Ann's Chapel, Palo Alto, California, since 1971.
Member Modern Language Association (executive committee Old English 1971-1973), Medieval Association Pacific (president 1992-1994, executive council 1976-1979), Medieval Academy American (executive council since 1991, chairman committee regional associations and centers 1978-1981), Philological Association Pacific Coast (executive council 1983-1986), International Society Anglo-Saxonists (1st vice president 1991, president since 1993).
Married Phyllis Rugg, November 24, 1979. Children: Austin, Malcolm.